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sbi po english language miscellaneous

 


sbi po english language miscellaneous

1. Choose an appropriate phrase from the options to suitably fill the blank in the sentence below so that the sentence makes sense, both grammatically and contextually.


Behind every decision in the current reshuffle and expansion, ___________________ broad traits are clearly visible.

A. One or the other for these

B. One or the other for this

C. One or the other of this

D. One or the other of these

E. One or the other of those

2. The following question contains a sentence with one blank only. Below are given six words as answer choices. You have to choose an option with choices which can make the sentence complete.

The news channels are broadcasting the speeches of the political persons and leaders, a few of which are full of ____________.

A. vituperation

B. denunciatory

C. atypical

D. slander

E. idiosyncratic

F. Vituperate



A. A and B


B. E and C


C. D and A


D. B and D


E. C and F


3. Direction: A sentence with one blank is given, indicating that something has been omitted. Choose the word that fits the blank appropriately.


They did not bother to cross the bridges over the brooks, but _____ they came to a stream they stepped high and walked in the air to the other side.


A. If


B. While


C. When


D. How


E. Sooner


4. Direction: A sentence with one blank is given, indicating that something has been omitted. Choose the word that fits the blank appropriately.


In a string of decisions, information commissions have forced public authorities to implement the RTI stipulation that they should all put ________ information proactively so that citizens don’t have to file applicable for every small thing.


A. as


B. out


C. on


D. into


E. forward


5. Choose an appropriate phrase from the options to suitably fill the blank in the sentence below so that the sentence makes sense, both grammatically and contextually.


There were reports that some taxpayers ,registered under composition scheme, collected GST from customers, _______________ it with the government.


A. Without intended to deposit


B. Without intending for deposit


C. Without intended for deposit


D. Without intended for depositing


E. Without intending to deposit


(6-10)

A passage is given below with five blanks labelled (A)-(E). Below the passage, five options are given for each blank. Choose the word that fits each blank most appropriately in the context of the passage, and mark the corresponding answer.

The first of our three brains to evolve is what scientists call the reptilian cortex. This brain sustains the ____(A)____ activities of animal survival such as respiration, adequate rest and a beating heart. We are not required to consciously 'think' about these activities. The reptilian cortex also houses the 'startle centre', a mechanism that ___(B)___ swift reactions to unexpected occurrences in our surroundings. That panicked lurch you experience when a door slams shut somewhere in the house or the heightened awareness you feel when a twig cracks in a nearby bush while out on an evening stroll are both examples of the reptilian cortex at work. 

Although the lizard may stake a claim to its habitat, it exerts total indifference toward the well-being of its young. Listen to the ____(C)____ squeal of a dolphin separated from its pod or witness the sight of elephants mourn their dead, however, and it is clear that a new development is at play. Scientists have identified this as the limbic cortex. Unique to mammals, the limbic cortex impels creatures to nurture their offspring by delivering feelings of tenderness and warmth to the parent when children are nearby. These same sensations also cause mammals to develop various types of social relations and kinship networks. 

Only human capabilities extend far beyond the scope of these two cortexes. Humans eat, sleep and play, but we also speak, plot, rationalise and debate the finer points of morality. Our unique abilities are the result of an expansive third brain – the neocortex – which engages with logic, reason and ideas. The power of the neocortex comes from its ability to think beyond the present, concrete moment. While other mammals are mainly restricted to ___(D)___ actions (although some, such as apes, can learn and remember simple lessons), humans can think about the 'big picture'.

The neocortex is also responsible for the process by which we decide on and commit to particular courses of action. Strung together over time, these choices can accumulate into feats of progress unknown to other animals. ____(E)____ a better grade on the following morning’s exam, a student can ignore the limbic urge to socialise and go to sleep early instead. Over three years, this ongoing sacrifice translates into a first-class degree and a scholarship to graduate school; over a lifetime, it can mean ground-breaking contributions to human knowledge and development. The ability to sacrifice our drive for immediate satisfaction in order to benefit later is a product of the neocortex.



6. Which of the following words most appropriately fits the blank labelled (A)?


A. Advantageous

B. Supernumerary

C. Elementary

D. Precognition

E. Primaeval


7. Which of the following words most appropriately fits the blank labelled (B)?


A. Facilitates

B. Premeditate

C. Prevaricate

D. Mediate

E. Formulate


8. Which of the following words most appropriately fits the blank labelled (C)?


A. Provoking

B. Deadening

C. Inhumane

D. Tragic

E. Anguished


9. Which of the following words most appropriately fits the blank labelled (D)?


A. Recalcitrant

B. Repulsive

C. Deliberate

D. Impulsive

E. Speculate


10. Which of the following words most appropriately fits the blank labelled (E)?


A. Rationalising

B. Anticipating

C. Reiterating

D. Foreboding

E. Agitating


SOLUTION - 

1. Here, read the sentence thoroughly to understand the sentence and mark the correct answer.

The last part of the sentence in which the phrase broad traits clearly visibly tell you that the sentence is plural.

From this, it is clear that the right phrase will be one or the other of these.

Hence, the correct answer is option D.


2. The blank in the given sentence suggests that it should be filled with nouns.

Out of the six words, denunciatory, atypical and idiosyncratic are adjectives; and vituperate is a verb, and hence these words cancel out.

Vituperation is a noun and it refers to abusive and bitter language.

Slander means malicious and false statement.

Both these words as nouns to make the sentence complete.

Correct sentence: The news channels are broadcasting the speeches of the political persons and leaders, a few of which are full of slander and vituperation.


3. When means ‘at or on which (referring to a time or circumstance)’ and fits the context most aptly. 

If is used in conditional sentences, which is not the case here.

Sooner can be used in the context of comparison, hence it is ruled out. 

How and while don't fit in grammatically. 

Hence, option C is the right response.


4. In a string of decisions, information commissions have forced public authorities to implement the RTI stipulation that they should all put forward information proactively so that citizens don’t have to file applicable for every small thing.

"Put forward" means to offer an idea or opinion, or suggest a plan or person, for other people to consider.

Hence, option (E) is correct.


5. Here, the main thing is to understand the context of the statement and then, choose a correct and meaningful phrase for the sentence.

The correct phrase that would make the sentence complete and meaningful is Without intending to deposit as it is talking about the intention of some taxpayers.

Hence, option E is the correct answer.


(6-10)


6. The correct answer is Option C.

The sentence suggests the use of the brain to conduct the basic functions of animal survival like breathing, taking adequate rest and a beating heart.

‘Advantageous’ means to have an advantage but there is no suggestion of advantage in the sentence so it is not a proper fit.

‘Supernumerary’ means superfluous and hence it cannot be used in the blank to signify basic functions.

‘Precognition’ means foresight and it is not a basic function of the brain and hence is not the right fit.

‘Primaeval’ means ancient, and since there was no time factor mentioned in the sentence, it cannot be the right fit.

Elementary’ is the best fit for this sentence because it means basic or fundamental and hence it is a proper fit for the sentence.


7. The correct answer is A.

The sentence indicates a kind of aid which promotes sudden actions due to the ‘startle centre’.

The words ‘Premeditate’ and ‘Formulate’ mean planning and performing and so they cannot fit with the sudden action.

‘Prevaricate’ means to lie and evade and since there has been no reference to such source of evasion, it does not fit the blank.

‘Mediate’ means to bring into an agreement, and since there is no conflict indicated in the sentence, it is not the best fit.

Facilitates’ means to aid or promote and so it is the best fit in the sentence.


8. The correct answer is E.

The sentence is talking about a painful experience.

‘Provoking’ means inciting and hence, it does not provide the proper meaning to the sentence and there is no incitement.

‘Deadening’ means desensitised but the sentence suggests pain and sensitivity and hence, it cannot be the proper fit.

‘Inhumane’ refers to qualities like unkind and barbaric, which does not describe the cry and hence it not a good fit.

‘Tragic’ means sad but it is a more mellow sadness and does not signify the pain that is indicated in the sentence.

‘Anguished’ means agonising and it provides the correct degree of pain suggested in the sentence and hence is the right fit for the blank.


9. The correct answer is D.

The sentence provides a contrast between humans and other mammals and the actions defined as sudden and unplanned.

‘Recalcitrant’ means rebellious but it does show any kind of unplanned reaction and hence it not the right fit.

‘Repulsive’ means offensive or hateful, but in the sentence, there is no reference to any object or action that brings the hate.

‘Deliberate’ means planned action and so it is not the right fit.

‘Speculate’ means to guess and it is thus based on planning and so it is not the right fit for the blank.

‘Impulsive’ means sudden and unplanned and so it fits properly with the blank and in the context of the sentence.


10. The correct answer is B.

The sentence provides an impression that the student is looking forward to the grade and is well-prepared for it. ‘Rationalising’ means justifying or making excuses which show a conflict but such a conflict is not referred to anywhere in the sentence.

‘Reiterating’ means repeating but there is no reference to repetition in the sentence and hence it is not a proper fit.

‘Foreboding’ means to be apprehensive about the future and it conveys a negative connotation when the sentence delivers a positive connotation.

‘Agitating’ means to be excited or fearful but this does not fit well with the context of the sentence as the student seems calm.

‘Anticipating’ means looking forward and hence it properly fits in the blank and makes the sentence meaningful.