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English for RRB PO/CLERK MAINS

 



English for RRB PO/CLERK MAINS

1. Each question below has two blanks, each blank indicating that something has been omitted. Choose the set of words for each blank that best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole.  


The petitioners had ________ the High Court with such a prayer on the ground that many people got away with________ posts on social media because of the lack of traceability.  


A. approached, inflammatory

B. fully, defunct 

C. augured, obsolete 

D. Chastised, Noteworthy 

E. logic, trivial      

2. It will be desirable if courts do not impart needless urgency to the process of________________ a balanced regulatory regime to curb content that promotes _____________ activities. 


A. Debilitating, uplifted

B. introducing, undesirable  

C. proliferating, maintained 

D. achievement, advanced 

E. accomplished, regenerated


3. A newspaper committed to _____________ cannot reject an argument that is based on a quote from an _____________ work on how the Indian Constitution was framed.    


A. organisation, assumed

B. assessing, amused 

C. ex-officio, exclusive

D. plurality, exhaustive

E. instrument, placed      


(4-7)  DIRECTIONS: Read the passage and answer the questions that follow.

It will not be an exaggeration to say that cities in India are in a mess. Air pollution, water crisis, flooding, and waste management issues, you name the challenge, and we have it on our list of woes. To make matters worse, there is now the threat of climate change. Last week, India got another wake-up call. A study by Climate Central, a US-based climate think tank, said that if spiraling emissions are not brought under control, parts of Mumbai, Surat, Chennai, and Kolkata, will be either underwater or ravaged by recurring floods by 2050. This is because sea levels across the world will continue to rise due to increasing carbon emissions, leading to coastal flooding, higher storm surges, and displacement of people.

With the climate challenge becoming bigger and bigger, it is imperative that cities invest in resilience strategies so that lives, property, and urban infrastructure are not lost due to climate-induced devastations. One way would be to build accurate risk-based land-use planning and steer future growth away from high-risk areas. “A low-hanging fruit will be the smarter use of density and transit-oriented development, such as allowing much higher densities around public transport nodes will minimize urban sprawl and carbon emissions [a major cause for climate change],” advises Abhas Jha, practice manager, the World Bank Group.

While several Indian cities like Pune (Maharashtra), Surat (Gujarat) and Chennai (Tamil Nadu) are dovetailing resilience into their planning process, the number of cities that are yet to opt for that path is far higher. This inability or disinclination for resilience-related issues is because of two intertwined problems: One, India’s cities are still not (1)/adequately empowered, despite the 74th (2)/ Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992 (3)/, which aims at strengthening democracy (4)/ at the grass-root level thorough local bodies. (5)/

External experts who work with urban local bodies often _____ about the lack of accountability and corruption at the corporate-mayoral level. “Most Indian cities are not autonomous, with most funds coming from state and central governments. So a city government’s client is the state or the federal government, whereas actually, it should be the citizens,” Saurabh Gaidhani, associate director, Asia Pacific, City Resilience Delivery, 100 Resilience Cities (100RC), The Rockefeller Foundation, told me during a recent interaction. This means that basic service delivery and long-term planning for resilience gets affected. Second, departments in city governments tend to work in silos. But ________ between them is critical because addressing the climate challenge requires multi-sectoral, coordinated and iterative solutions over a long period.

But along with changes in the local government planning and structure, growing efforts at building resilience in developing nations such as India faces another hurdle. There is a lack of trained urban planners, resilience engineers, accountants, amplifying the need to attract the best and brightest to work at the city-level in these functions.

For centuries, cities have been centers of commerce, culture, and innovation. for tackling climate change and its ill effects (1)/ cities across the world must, (2)/ now develop the ability, the capacity, (3)/ and the will to take on the challenge (4)/ while there is no single solution (5)/. And Indian cities cannot afford to lag behind and miss the bus.


4. Check if the emboldened word has an error and choose the option that should replace it. If there is no error, select no improvement needed.


This is because sea levels across the world will continue to rise due to increasing carbon emissions, leading to coastal flooding, higher storm surges, and displacement of people.


A. Would continue

B. Could continue

C. Shall continue

D. Can continue

E. No improvement needed


5. Which is the correct meaning of the word ''dovetailing''?


A. Fit or causes to fit together easily and conveniently.

B. Comply with rules, standards, or laws.

C. Cive or grant someone (power, status, or recognition).

D. Be harmonious or consistent with.

E. None of these

6. Identify which part of the sentence contains an error.

One, India’s cities are still not (1)/adequately empowered, despite the 74th (2)/ Constitutional Amendment Act, 1992 (3)/, which aims at strengthening democracy (4)/ at the grass-root level thorough local bodies. (5)/


A. 1

B. 3

C. 5

D. 4

E. None of these


7. Rearrange the sentence to form a meaningful sentence.

for tackling climate change and its ill effects (1)/ cities across the world must, (2)/ now develop the ability, the capacity, (3)/ and the will to take on the challenge (4)/ while there is no single solution (5)/. 


A. 12345

B. 51234

C. 15234

D. 52341

E. None of these


8. Fill in the blanks.

But ________ between them is critical because addressing the climate challenge requires multi-sectoral, coordinated and iterative solutions over a long period.


A. Acquaintance

B. Synergy

C. Enmity

D. Efficacy

E. None of these


9. The following question contains a sentence with one blank only. Below are given six words as answer choices. You have to choose an option with choices which can make the sentence complete.


The news channels are broadcasting the speeches of the political persons and leaders, a few of which are full of ____________.


A. vituperation

B. denunciatory

C. atypical

D. slander

E. idiosyncratic

F. Vituperate


A. A and B

B. E and C

C. D and A

D. B and D

E. C and F


10. Choose an appropriate phrase from the options to suitably fill the blank in the sentence below so that the sentence makes sense, both grammatically and contextually.

There were reports that some taxpayers ,registered under composition scheme, collected GST from customers, _______________ it with the government.


A. Without intended to deposit

B. Without intending for deposit

C. Without intended for deposit

D. Without intended for depositing

E. Without intending to deposit


ANSWER - 

1. ‘approached, inflammatory’ fits the two blanks perfectly.  

2. ‘introducing, undesirable’ is the correct use.   

3. ‘plurality, exhaustive’ is the correct use.    

4. The given sentence is correct as will is the correct form of the verb.

Would is used to for something that will happen under certain conditions.

Could and can define possibility.

Shall is used in a more formal way of making an offer or suggestion.


5. Dovetailing means fit or causes to fit together easily and conveniently.

Compliance means comply with rules, standards, or laws

Accord means give or grant someone (power, status, or recognition).

Consistent means acting or done in the same way over time, especially so as to be fair or accurate.


6. Instead of thorough, we should use through.

Thorough means complete with regard to every detail; not superficial or partial.

Through means by means of (a process or intermediate stage).

So, through will be used as it means that democracy will be strengthened by means of local bodies.


7. First should be 5 as it gives the perfect and meaningful starting stating that there is no single solution. Next should be 1 as it defines for what the solution has been mentioned. Next should be 2 as it defines who should perform the action. 

The correct answer is option B.

So, the correct sequence is- 51234 i.e. While there is no single solution for tackling climate change and its ill effects, cities across the world must /now develop the ability, capacity, and the will to take on the challenge.


8. Acquaintance means knowledge or experience of something.


Synergy means the interaction or cooperation of two or more organizations, substances, or other agents to produce a combined effect greater than the sum of their separate effects.


Enmity means a state or feeling of active opposition or hostility.


Efficacy means the ability to produce a desired or intended result.


In the previous line, city departments are being mentioned. In this line, the interaction or cooperation between city departments is being highlighted.


9. The blank in the given sentence suggests that it should be filled with nouns.


Out of the six words, denunciatory, atypical and idiosyncratic are adjectives; and vituperate is a verb, and hence these words cancel out.


Vituperation is a noun and it refers to abusive and bitter language.


Slander means malicious and false statement.


Both these words as nouns to make the sentence complete.


Correct sentence: The news channels are broadcasting the speeches of the political persons and leaders, a few of which are full of slander and vituperation.



10. Here, the main thing is to understand the context of the statement and then, choose a correct and meaningful phrase for the sentence.


The correct phrase that would make the sentence complete and meaningful is Without intending to deposit as it is talking about the intention of some taxpayers.


Hence, option E is the correct answer.