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ENGLISH FOR RRB PO/CLERK AND RBI ASSISTANT MAINS

 

ENGLISH FOR RRB PO/CLERK AND RBI ASSISTANT MAINS 

Which of the phrases (A), (B), (C) and (D) given below each statement should be placed in the blank space provided so as to make meaningful and grammatically correct sentences? If none of the options is appropriate, mark (E) i.e. ‘None of these’ as the answer.

1. Also called major depressive disorder, depression affects how you feel, think and behave and _______.

A. can be taken lightly in teens

B. can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems

C. make an appointment to see your doctor or mental health professional

D. may feel generally miserable or unhappy without really knowing why

E. None of these

2. While India’s density of ATMs per geographical area (69 ATMs per 1,000 sq.km) is second only to China’s (100 ATMs) among the major emerging markets, _________

A. digital payments had been on the rise long before November 2016

B. these bottlenecks need to be addressed

C. the low internet penetration may result in sustainable growth in digital payments

D. it is still not enough given India’s higher population density

E. None of these

3. As large amounts of forests are cleared away, allowing the exposed earth to wither and die and the habitats of innumerable species to be destroyed, the indigenous tribes ­­_______ are also irreparably damaged.


A. who depend on them to sustain their way of life

B. who have an immediate and direct effect on their lifestyle

C. despite our own dependency on what the rainforest provides

D. Both B and C

E. None of these

4. India may fail to achieve its ambitious target generating 100GW solar power by 2022 and the best-case scenario would be ____________.


A. to account for a large chunk of these bad loans.

B. To escalate the power demand in the next 5 years.

C. for us to reach a production capacity of 78-80GW.

D. to face ambiguity over fuel supply as well as power offtake.

E. None of these

5. You will now be able to transfer money seamlessly from one e-wallet to another e-wallet and bank accounts seamlessly, as payments will happen through UPI, ________.

A. compromising the e-wallet card details

B. because people do not want to expose their bank accounts on the internet

C. giving a boost to the financial independence of the downtrodden

D. which will facilitate person-to-person remittance effectively

E. None of these

6. Rearrange the following six sentences in the proper sequence and answer the questions that follow. Sentence D is already positioned correctly.

A. He then told them that he would further investigate for a week and reveal the fraud if any.

B. After a week, the Company had released a statement that they were firing their Chief Financial Officer for orchestrating a fraud involving embezzlement of the company’s funds.

C. The external auditor made an initial assessment.

D. After the initial assessment, he clarified that in his opinion there were indeed noticeable elements of suspicion.

E. Therefore, they asked an external auditor to assess the books of accounts.

F. Financial frauds have become common, so the directors of company ABC felt that they should get books of accounts examined by someone.

ANSWER -

1. When attempting questions related to sentence completion, one should ensure the congruency of the structure of the sentence along with the logical flow of the sentence.

Here, the sentence tells us about a mental disorder called depression and highlights its effects on our behavior and mood. So option A is incorrect as it cannot (and should not) be taken lightly in kids, teens, and adults.

Option C has a contextual sense but does not fit into the structure of the sentence. The advice that we should seek medical help immediately is contextually correct but the phrase is not properly structured to be appropriate for the blank.

Option D has ‘depressed people’ as its subject. People undergoing depression may feel generally miserable or unhappy without really knowing why. But the given sentence has ‘depression’ as the subject.  So, this phrase will also not fit into the structure of the sentence, though it has a reasonable context.

The phrase given in option B tells us that depression can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems. This agrees with the given context and the structure of the sentence.

Therefore, the correct answer is option B.

Complete Sentence - Also called major depressive disorder, depression affects how you feel, think and behave and can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems. 


2. Use of contrast words like while, although, yet, however etc. change the meaning of the sentence. By using while, the given sentence might point to a fact which provides a surprising claim. Though India’s density of ATMs per geographical is considerable, (blank). This blank requires a phrase that will follow contextually highlighting an unfortunate scenario. The best answer among the given options is option D. Option B is incorrect as the sentence does not refer to any bottlenecks or obstructions. Option C is factually not appropriate as the low internet penetration will result in low growth in digital payments.

Therefore, the correct answer is option D.

Complete Sentence -  While India’s density of ATMs per geographical area (69 ATMs per 1,000 sq.km) is second only to China’s (100 ATMs) among the major emerging markets, it is still not enough given India’s higher population density.


3. We need to choose a suitable phrase that will fit into the given context. The sentence talks about the ill-effects of deforestation (clearing away of forests).

Let us check the options one by one:

Option A : This seems correct as the phrase tells us that the indigenous tribes depend on forests to sustain their way of life.

Option B : This phrase does not fit into the context.

Option C : This is not appropriate as the word our fails to indicate the subject being discussed (indigenous tribes).

Therefore, the correct answer is option A.

Complete Sentence - As large amounts of forests are cleared away, allowing the exposed earth to wither and die and the habitats of innumerable species to be destroyed, the indigenous tribes who depend on them to sustain their way of life are also irreparably damaged.


4. We should read the entire sentence to get an overall sense of the meaning of the sentence which will help us to understand the connection between the various parts of a complex sentence. Moreover, we should ensure that our choice is both logical and grammatically correct.

The sentence indicates that the country may not achieve its target of generating 100GW solar power by 2022. The author continues by highlighting the best-case scenario which is the required context for the blank.  (If we cannot meet the target, then what is the alternative most-likely scenario?)

Option A : This is incorrect as we are not talking about bad loans.

Option B : Escalation of (or increase in) power demand in the next 5 years will not be the best-case scenario as it will only put more pressure on meeting the power demand.

Option C :  This seems to be correct. We cannot achieve the 100 GW target but we are likely to achieve 80GW by 2022.

Option D : If we are facing ambiguity over fuel supply, this cannot be stated as the best-case scenario. It is, as a matter of fact, a cause of concern. So, this option is not a proper fit for the blank.

Therefore, the correct answer is option C.

Complete Sentence -  India may fail to achieve its ambitious target generating 100GW solar power by 2022 and the best-case scenario would be for us to reach production capacity of 78-80GW.


5. While analyzing long complex sentences, we can break them up into simpler components to simplify them.

In the given question, let us simplify the sentence in the following way:

  • We can transfer money from one e-wallet to another e-wallet
  • We can also transfer money from one e-wallet to bank accounts
  • Payments will happen through UPI
  • Use of the word seamlessly highlights the smooth and continuous process of money transfer

Knowing all these details, we can look for the phrase which will be in line with this information.

Option A : This is incorrect as it is not being discussed in the sentence. The tone of the sentence is not negative and so far, there have been no signal words (clues) like therefore, however etc. that indicate contrast or cause-effect relationships.

Option B : This is not appropriate for the blank because the sentence begins by stating that we can transfer money seamlessly indicating a positive point. This phrase uses the word because trying to reason something out which does not fit into the context.

Option C : Here, the sentence does not talk about the financial independence of the downtrodden specifically. It will be inappropriate for us to jump to such drastic conclusions without any further information.

Option D : This seems correct as the seamless transactions through the use of e-wallets will help to effectively facilitate person-to-person remittance.

Therefore, the correct answer is option D.  

Complete Sentence - You will now be able to transfer money seamlessly from one e-wallet to another e-wallet and bank accounts seamlessly, as payments will happen through UPI, which will facilitate person-to-person remittance effectively.


6. The correct order of the sentences should be FECDAB.

The introductory sentence should introduce the basic premise of the passage. The only sentence that highlights the premise i.e. financial frauds should come first. Thus, F should be the first sentence.

Further, examination of records has to be done by someone. E, uses the connector, therefore, and introduces ‘external auditor’ as the ‘someone’.

Further, the passage should highlight the work/task undertaken by the external auditor. This gives us 2 possibilities, sentence A and C. But the use of the word ‘initial’ before assessment narrows down the option to C.

Then, D has already been marked as the next correct sentence.

Further, we are left with A and B. Clearly B highlights the conclusion i.e. disclosure of the fraud. Thus B has to be the concluding sentence and A will be the penultimate sentence.