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COVID-19: Dexamethasone

Table of Contents
  • Brief Overview:
  • About Dexamethasone:
  •  Trial:
  • USES:
  • Side Effects  
Brief Overview :

The Unified Realm's College of Oxford has distributed its report on sixteenth June 2020 in the wake of directing preliminaries on 2104 patients with 6 mg of Dexamethasone for every day for a time of 10 days. According to which, it was discovered that Dexamethasone has diminished mortality in COVID-19 patients who had serious respiratory difficulties. The medication has decreased passings among ventilated patients by 33%. 

The report likewise expressed that for patients who were not on respiratory help, the medication has given no indications of advantage. 
About Dexamethasone:

It is a kind of corticosteroid medicine that is being utilized for the treatment of a wide scope of conductions, for example, eye torment after eye medical procedure, asthma, skin illnesses, and so forth. The steroid has immunosuppressant and calming impacts. 

How COVID-19 Patients were profited by Dexamethasone? 

As Dexamethasone has immunosuppressant impacts, the COVID-19 patients whose safe framework quickly creates proteins called cytokines because of the coronavirus disease, Dexamethasone serves to hose the too forceful reaction of the safe framework. This overdrive response from the invulnerable framework is called 'cytokine storm'. These cytokines when overproduced by the safe framework harms cells and tissues in the body

In COVID-19 patients, dexamethasone serves to hose the body's safe reaction when it turns out to be too forceful to even think about controlling by different methods. 

An aggravation alludes to the body's safe reaction to an attacking pathogen and a fiery response is fundamental for the body to clear a pathogen. 

It was seen that, in numerous at death's door COVID-19 patients, the body mounts an excessive incendiary reaction 

In barely any patients this in the long run prompts liquid collection in the lungs' air sacs and the patient battles to relax. This condition is called intense respiratory trouble disorder (ARDS), and is regularly deadly. 

Dexamethasone acts by decreasing the body's elevated provocative reaction. 

In COVID-19 patients, such an articulated incendiary reaction happens just in the terminal phases of the contamination. Thus Dexamethasone was seen as viable in patients who are basically sick and rely upon ventilator support.

Results Dependent on which Dexamethasone is professed to be successful in COVID-19 Treatment are primer 

– The total information with respect to the case chronicles and other variable of the patients engaged with the preliminary but to be distributed. 

– The starter reports additionally demonstrate that Dexamethasone didn't have any advantages in patients with milder side effects


Dexamethasone is used to treat conditions such as arthritis, blood/hormone/immune system disorders, allergic reactions, certain skin and eye conditions, breathing problems, certain bowel disorders, and certain cancers. It is also used as a test for an adrenal gland disorder (Cushing's syndrome).

This medication is a corticosteroid hormone (glucocorticoid). It decreases your body's natural defensive response and reduces symptoms such as swelling and allergic-type reactions.
Side Effects :

Dexamethasone is also an immunosuppressive drug. Studies have found that patients with severe COVID-19 have a low number of cells called T-lymphocytes in their blood. Using dexamethasone could further deplete the T-lymphocyte population and worsen immunosuppression.

High doses of Dexamethasone can also have side effects like dizziness, irregular heartbeats and increased blood sugar levels.