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REASONING FOR SBI CLERK AND RBI ASSISTANT MAINS


We bring you the complete and important daily Reasoning  to achieve more marks in Banking, Insurance, UPSC, SSC, CLAT, Railways and all other competitive Exams. We prepare it based on our daily current affairs.Hope you like it.

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START QUIZ
Directions (1 – 5): Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions
In a code language, 
“Centre solution jump migrate” is coded as “12&15, 7$4, 13%10, 14@17” 
“Public tackle sincere here” is coded as “18@21, 14$17, 3#0, __(1)__” 
“Silence not corner hopeful” is coded as “12$15, 16&19, 18&21, 20&23” 
“Run mobile __(2)__ situation” is coded as “18#21, 20$23, 2&5, 14%17” 
1. Which among the following code comes in place of (1)?
A. 3%6 
B. 2%5 
C. 6@9 
D. 5$8 
E. 4$7
2. Which among the following word comes in place of (2)? 
A. since 
B. timely 
C. horticulture 
D. garden 
E. covers.
3. Which among the following is correctly matched? 
A. Picnic – 3&0 
B. Hungama – 17%14 
C. Lover – 22&25 
D. Pointer – 10&13 
E. Quite – 9&12 
4. Which of the following is the code for “hopeful”? 
A. 12$15  
B. 16&19 
C. 18&21 
D. 20&23 
E. None of these 
5. Which of the following is the code for “migrate”? 
A. 12&15 
B. 7$4 
C. 13%10 
D. 14@17 
E. None of these 
Solution-
1.B 2.D 3.C 4.B 5.B
In each code, then number before the symbol is the value of the 3rd letter (from the left end) of the word in the alphabetical series. 
The symbol in the code is as per the vowel which is 2nd letter from the left end in each word: 
a. For vowel “A”, the symbol used is # 
b. For vowel “E”, the symbol used is @ 
c. For vowel “I”, the symbol used is $ 
d. For vowel “O”, the symbol used is & 
e. For vowel “U”, the symbol used is % 
If the number representing the 3rd alphabet in alphabetical series from left end is an even number, then that even number is added by 3 and the obtained number is the number after the symbol. 
If the number representing the 3rd alphabet in alphabetical series from left end is an odd number, then the difference of odd number and 3 and the obtained number is the number after the symbol. Example: ‘CENTRE’ 3rd letter (from the left end) of the word is N, its value in alphabetical series is 14, so 14 is the number before the symbol. 
2nd letter from the left end of the word is E, so the symbol used is @. 
As the number representing 3rd alphabet from left end is 14 (an even number), so the number after the symbol is (14 + 3)=17. 
Therefore, the code for ‘CENTRE’ is ‘14@17’. 
Directions (6-10) : Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions: 
A word and number arrangement machine when given an input line of numbers rearranges them following a particular hide in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement. 
Input: 924cmg 258adl 547lbo 168egr 374nku 253ras 
Step I: 942dng 852bel 457kao 861fhr 347mju 532sbs 
Step II: 98gnd 810leb 435oak 86rhf 328ujm 56sbs 
Step III: 17gn4 9le2 12oa11 14rh6 13uj13 11sb19 
Step IV: 417gn 29le 1112oa 614rh 1313uj 1911sb 
Step V: 29el 417gn 614hr 1112ao 1313ju 1911bs 
Step V is the last step of the above input. As per rules followed in the above steps, find out in each of the given questions the appropriate steps for the given input.
Input for the question:-  “518krp 273sbn 826bku 734lrt 593sta 468ckw” 
6. In step II, which element is 3rd from the left end of the given input? 
A. 76nct 
B. 248uja 
C. 712tsm 
D. 268aju 
E. None of these
7. Which element is 4th from the right end in step IV of the given input? 
A. 7uj1 
B. 1310ts 
C. 1414wl 
D. 114uj 
E. None of these
8. Which among the following is the last element (from the left end) in step V of the given input?
A. 1414wl 
B. 1812as 
C. 2013cn 
D. 3210nc 
E. None of these  
9. What is the sum of all the digits of the element which is 2nd from the left end in step I of the given input? 
A. 14 
B. 12 
C. 16 
D. 13 
E. None of these.   
10. How many steps are required to complete the given input? 
A. six 
B. four 
C. seven 
D. None of these 
E. Five 
Solution-
In Step I, the elements whose last letter is a consonant, all the digits are arranged in decreasing order and all the letters (except the last letter) are replaced by their immediate succeeding letter in the alphabetical series. Similarly, for the elements whose last letter is a vowel, all the digits are arranged in increasing order and all the letters (except the last letter) are replaced by their immediately preceding letter in the alphabetical series. 
In Step II, 2nd and 3rd digits (from the left end) of all the elements are multiplied. All the letters are written in reverse order. 
In Step III, all the digits are added. And the last letter of the element is replaced by its value in the alphabetical series. 
In Step IV, all the digits written after the letters (in each element) are written first in the same order. 
In Step V, all the elements are arranged in the increasing order of the numbers written in each element. And, the letters are arranged in increasing order of their positions in English Alphabetical order. 
Input: 518krp 273sbn 826bku 734lrt 593sta 468ckw 
Step I: 851lsp 732tcn 268aju 743mst 359rsa 864dlw 
Step II: 85psl 76nct 248uja 712tsm 345asr 824wld 
Step III: 13ps12 13nc20 14uj1 10ts13 12as18 14wl4 
Step IV: 1213ps 2013nc 114uj 1310ts 1812as 1414wl 
Step V: 114ju 1213ps 1310st 1414lw 1812as 2013cn