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REASONING FOR SBI CLERK AND RBI ASSISTANT MAINS


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START QUIZ
Directions (1 – 5):Study the following information and answer the questions given below: 
L, M, N, O, P, Q, R and S are eight friends who play cricket in the same club. During the lunch time, they are sitting in a straight line equidistant from each other (but not necessarily in the same order). Some of them are facing south while some are facing north. (Note: Facing the same direction means, if one is facing north then the other is also facing north and vice versa. Facing the opposite directions means if one is facing north then the other is facing south and vice versa.)
Each scored different runs in the match, viz. 16, 36, 15, 20, 35, 12, 10 and 18 but not necessarily in the same order. N is seated second to the right of L. R faces the same direction as L and P faces the same direction as N. The person who scored in square digit sits at one of the extreme ends. M scored in square digit and is seated between the persons who scored 20 and the one who scored equal to the sum of the score which is scored by L and Q.M does not sit at the extreme end. Both the immediate neighbours of N face the same direction. Both the immediate neighbours of P face the opposite directions. O scored 12 and seated between N and P. L did not score 35. L sits third to the left of O. L is not the neighbour of S. P did not score 18 and sits third to the right of S. The person who scored 15 is seated between the persons who scored 10 and the one who scored half of S. L is immediate left of M who is not the neighbor of P. S sits second to the left of Q whose immediate neighbours face opposite direction. Q does not face north direction.

1. Who is second to the left of the one, who is third to the right of O?
A. M
B. S
C. P
D. R
E. L
2. Who amongst the following sits third to the right of the person who scored 20 runs?
A. The one who scored 15 runs
B. S
C. O
D. R
E. L
3. Which of the following is not true with respect to the given information?
A. S sits at one of the extreme ends of the line
B. M sits exactly between L and N
C. L sits third to the left of O
D. P faces south
E. O sits second to the left of R
4. How many persons in the given arrangement are facing north?
A. Four
B. One
C. Three
D. Two
E. More than four
5. In a certain way 15 is related to S, 12 is related to M. In the same way 10 is related to which of the following?
A. L
B. S
C. M
D. P
E. The one who scored 18 runs
Solution-

Directions: (6-10)Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions:A number arrangement machine when given an input line of numbers rearranges them following a particular hide in each step. The following is an illustration of input and rearrangement.
Input: say to 12 by 29 all 71 same 53 81 above 61
Step I: above say to by 29 all 71 same 53 81 61 12
Step II: above same say to by all 71 53 81 61 12 29
Step III: above same say all to by 71 81 61 12 29 53
Step IV: above same say all to by 71 81 12 29 53 61
Step V: above same say all to by 81 12 29 53 61 71
Step VI: above same say all to by 12 29 53 61 71 81
Step VI is the last step of the above input.
Now, the following questions are based on the given input.
Input: toy 18 till 24 36 is of never 87 99 cut 73
6. Which of the following will be the penultimate step?
A. Step VI
B. Step V
C. Step IV
D. Step III
E. None of these
7. What will be the position of ‘is’ in the last but one step?
A. Seventh from the left
B. Sixth from the right
C. Sixth from the left
D. Fifth from the left
E. None of these
8. Which word/number would be the fourth from the right end in Step IV?

A. cut
B. 18
C. 24
D. 99
E. 73
9. How many steps will be required to give the final output?

A. Five
B. Four
C. Six
D. Seven
E. Eight
10. Which step would give the following output: ‘never till toy cut is of – 87  99  73  18  24  26  ?A. Step IV
B. Step III
C. Step II
D. Step V
E. There will be no such step
Solution-The machine rearranges the words and numbers in such a way that the words are arranged according to the length of words in descending order from left and words of the same length are arranged in reverse English alphabetical order, while numbers are arranged in ascending order on the right end in each step.
Input: toy 18 till 24 36 is of never 87 99 cut 73
Step I: never toy till 24 36 is of 87 99 cut 73 18
Step II: never till toy 36 is of 87 99 cut 73 18 24
Step III: never till toy cut is of 87 99 73 18 24 36
Step IV: never till toy cut of is 87 99 18 24 36 73
Step V: never till toy cut of is 99 18 24 36 73 87
Step VI: never till toy cut of is 18 24 36 73 87 99
Step VI is the final step.